Ho Chi Minh City will challenge your perception of proper sidewalk usage: A simple stroll down the street requires dodging parked and moving motorbikes while also tripping over food carts and customers seated in plastic chairs. But the fragrant aromas of grilled meats and simmering soup just might tempt you to abandon any restaurant plans and join them.
The owners of Saigon Street Eats, Barbara, an Australian, and her Vietnamese husband, Vu, specialize in shepherding hungry tourists through their city’s overwhelming selection of street food. Their strategy for choosing might seem counterintuitive. “Paradoxically, if a place looks a bit run-down, it's usually a sign the vendor has been in business a long time and is therefore very good,” Barbara explains. She also recommends seeking places busy with locals. “You should also look for a lot of rubbish on the floor,” she adds “This is a sign of a popular street food place.” The language barrier will ultimately present another challenge, so adventurous eaters should just point at a dish that looks good and go for it.
Eating at busy street food stalls is also safer from a health standpoint. As most stalls don’t have refrigeration, sticking to freshly cooked or steaming-hot food is a good precaution. But keep in mind that it's common to get an upset stomach when your diet changes dramatically. “People often think they have food poisoning when their bodies are reacting to a change in their eating habits, often including a lot of cheap beer,” explains Barbara.
Bánh mì: This baguette sandwich filled with pickled vegetables, cilantro, hot peppers, and meat is now popular all over the world, but don’t count on being able to order lemongrass chicken in Ho Chi Minh City. Sandwich stands typically stock a kaleidoscope of mystery meats such as slices of Vietnamese boiled sausage (chả lụa), ham, shredded pork skin, and pâté. Bánh mì thit, made with grilled pork, is also available, but not as easy to find.
Soups: Of course, you can’t leave Vietnam without trying pho, the legendary rice-noodle soup made with beef or clear broth. Vu and Barbara also recommend hu tieu, a pork and seafood noodle soup with Cambodian roots, and bún riêu, a crab soup with red broth.
Seafood: Piles of raw seafood are usually displayed at stalls for customers to see. Choose from crab, mussels, cockles, scallops still in their shells, conch, and plenty of options that are utterly unfamiliar to Western visitors. Vendors will grill or stir-fry it to order.
Bo la lot: Visitors might be confused to see what look like dolmas cooking on open grills in Vietnam, but they’re actually fragrant and spicy ground beef rolls wrapped in slightly bitter-tasting betel leaves.
Banh kep: Looking for something sweet to finish your meal? Ladies all over town sell crunchy waffle cookies made with coconut milk. The batter is poured into a waffle iron and heated over a charcoal fire right on the sidewalk.
Nguyen Thuong Hien Street: Also known as “Snail Street,” this strip is famous for stalls selling fresh seafood cooked to order. You don’t have to eat sea snails to enjoy a meal here—there’s also crab, oysters, mussels, and scallops. Not in the mood for seafood? Then try some duck tongue or fertilized duck egg smothered in tamarind sauce and peanuts.
Le Van Tam Park: This park is only a short walk from most of the tourist sites, but it still feels off the beaten path. Several vendors camp out across the street in front of the shops. They do a brisk business selling banh mi or green papaya salad to hungry motorbike drivers pulling up for a quick bite.
Corner of Duong Pasteur and Duong Nguyen Du (near the Notre Dame Cathedral) at lunchtime: Most of these vendors only appear for the lunch hour between noon and 1 pm on weekdays. Get there around 11:45 am to observe office workers lining up for their favorite daily dish, or avoid the crowds entirely by arriving right at 1. You’ll find vendors selling favorites such as spring rolls, bun rieu with quail eggs, and rice porridge with congealed blood, liver, and offal. Grab a bag of freshly sliced pomelo for dessert.by rivwadmin
WASHINGTON (AP) — The Obama administration needs to take steps immediately to protect the public from potentially catastrophic oil train accidents even if it means using emergency authority, National Transportation Safety Board Chairman Deborah Hersman said Wednesday.
The Transportation Department is in the midst of drafting regulations to toughen standards for tank cars used to transport oil and ethanol, as well as other steps prevent or mitigate accidents. But there isn’t time to wait for the cumbersome federal rulemaking process — which often takes many years to complete — to run its normal course, Hersman said. “We are very clear that this issue needs to be acted on very quickly,” she told reporters at the conclusion of a two-day forum the board held on the rail transport of oil and ethanol. “There is a very high risk here that hasn’t been addressed.”
Federal regulators have the power to issue emergency orders or interim rules to protect the public rather than running the risk of another accident occurring before regulations are in place, Hersman said.
“They aren’t moving fast enough,” she said. “We don’t need a higher body count before they move forward.”
Hersman, who is stepping down as chairman at the end of the week, said that over her 10 years on the board she had “seen a lot of difficulty when it comes to safely rules being implemented if we don’t have a high enough body count.”
“That is a tombstone mentality,” she said. “We know the steps that will prevent or mitigate these accidents. What is missing is the will to require people to do so.”
Concern about the safe transport of highly flammable oil and ethanol were heightened after a runaway oil train derailed and then exploded last July in the small town of Lac-Megantic in Canada, just across the border from Maine. More than 60 tank cars spilled more than 1.3 million gallons of crude oil from the booming Bakken region of North Dakota and Montana. Forty-seven people were killed and 30 buildings destroyed in resulting inferno.
There have been eight oil train accidents in the U.S. and Canada in the past year, including several that created spectacular fires. Most were in lightly populated areas, although one crash and fire in December occurred less than two miles from the town of Casselton, N.D.
The accidents reflect a dramatic increase in oil shipments by rail as a result of the fracking boom in the Bakken region and other parts of the U.S.
The NTSB, which investigates accidents, and its Canadian counterpart, the Transportation Safety Board, issued joint safety recommendations following the Lac-Megantic accident. On Wednesday, Canadian authorities announced they were implementing some of those recommendations, including ordering the phase out of older tank cars that are more likely to spill their contents in the event of an accident even if the accident occurs at low speeds.
U.S. transportation officials have taken a number of steps to prevent or mitigate similar accidents. In January, Transportation Secretary Anthony Foxx won commitments from rail industry officials to adopt voluntary measures to address some safety concerns. But there is a lack of consensus between railroads, the oil industry and rail carmakers on the critical issue of tougher tank car standards, as well as possible phase out or retrofit of older tank cars. The department has said it will issue regulations to force action, but the requirements of the federal rulemaking process — including demonstrating that the cost of regulations will be outweighed the number of lives saved — make the process slow. Final regulations are at least months, and possibly years, away.
A spokeswoman for Foxx didn’t immediately reply to a request for comment.
Travel – The Huffington Post
The flavors of Khmer cuisine are bold, rich, and surprisingly different from the well-known dishes of its neighbors. The food is heartier than typically delicate Vietnamese cuisine, and not nearly as sweet and spicy as Thai food, but Chinese and Indian influences are also evident in the curries and stir-fries. Below are eight dishes that you'll likely see if you travel to Cambodia—be sure to try each of them at least once.
Most popular in northwest Cambodia, mild white fish is cooked in a coconut milk base, flavored with fresh turmeric paste, lemongrass, and fingerroot, then steamed in a bowl made of banana leaves. Chicken sometimes stands in for the fish, especially on menus in tourist areas, but fish is the authentic way to go.
The southern province of Kampot, right on the coastline, is known for two things: fresh seafood and peppercorn farms. These two ingredients unite in this rustic dish of fresh crab stir-fried with plentiful green peppercorns still attached to the stem. The pepper imbues the sweet crab meat with a lingering floral flavor, but be sure to eat a few of the peppercorns whole for a spicy kick.
This stir-fried beef dish, prepared with plenty of oyster sauce, soy sauce, and sometimes palm sugar, is served throughout the country. Traditionally paired with rice to absorb the sweet brown sauce, it’s also becoming common to see loc lac served with french fries or a fried egg on top.
Made with spices including coriander and cardamom, this braised beef dish reflects Indian influcnes and is beloved throughout Cambodia. In fact, it’s typically served at big celebrations, particularly weddings. The key ingredients, besides the meltingly tender beef, are coconut milk and whole peanuts.
The Cambodian staple of prahok, or fish paste, is certainly an acquired taste, yet it gives this complex pork-and-coconut-milk curry a uniquely salty and savory flavor. Usually served with fresh vegetables (green mango, eggplant, and cucumber) for dipping, the addition of tamarind sauce adds a bit of sweetness and some acid to balance it out.
Though similar to Thai red curries, this version is enriched with star anise, cardamom, nutmeg, peppercorns, and coriander. These coconut-milk-based curries are typically redder than those found on the western side of the border, and are cooked with chicken or vegetables, such as eggplant, potatoes, and green beans.
This dish is usually served from street carts to motorbike or tuk-tuk drivers craving a late night snack. The spicy stir-fried noodles are cut short in length to match the texture of the bean sprouts and cooked with greens, green onions, and a scrambled or fried egg. Finally, all of the ingredients are tossed with a generous portion of chili and soy sauce before being plated.
Everywhere you turn in Cambodia, it seems there's a grill with skewers of beef or whole fish. Snapper and prawns are often available, but the best fish is typically pulled from the country's freshwater lakes. Sauces and marinades are kept to a minimum: Seafood is often served with a green mango relish, while the meats are served with tangy pickled vegetables.by rivwadmin
Get the best travel news here curated by Lonely Planet Destination Editors, who use their expertise to bring you the stories that matter from all over the world. In today’s edition: a sculpture of two 30m-tall horse heads has opened in Scotland, plans are afoot for a Wizarding World of Harry Potter in Japan and a quiz reveals how much you know about secretive North Korea.
April 22 is…
The anniversary of Portuguese explorer Pedro Álvares Cabral’s arrival in Brazil
Tin Hau’s Birthday in Hong Kong
Giant horses ride into Falkirk
Scotland’s largest art installation has opened to the public. The Kelpies, two 300 tonne, 30m-tall horse head sculptures, sit in Helix Park in Falkirk. Artist Andy Scott took inspiration from the working horses which once pulled barges along the nearby Forth and Clyde Canal. The installation hopes to attract 350,000 people a year. Read more: bbc.co.uk
New programmes announced for Budapest’s Sziget Festival
Budapest’s Sziget Festival will be held 11–18 August this year, a week later than previous years to avoid clashes with other big festivals worldwide. Some exciting new programmes have also been announced for Sziget 2014 including Campfire Stage, where both amateurs and professionals can apply to play acoustic music and World Village, showcasing world music and featuring Roma, Hungarian folk and Afro-Latin acts. Read more: xpatloop.com
Work begins on Norway’s new National Museum
Construction has begun in Oslo on what is set to become one of Europe’s largest cultural buildings. Spread over an entire block in the city and opening in 2019, Norway’s new National Museum will house art collections from the National Gallery, the Museum of Contemporary Art and the National Museum of Art, Architecture and Design. Officials say that the building is ‘humble’, despite its size, but will enable ‘new ways of displaying art’. Read more: norwaypost.no
Eight Finns die in light aircraft disaster
A kit plane carrying a group of skydivers crashed on Sunday near Jämijärvi, western Finland. The light aircraft appeared to suffer engine trouble shortly before it plummeted to the ground. Three passengers parachuted to safety, but the remaining eight were unable to escape. Jämijärvi airport is popular for leisure flights in the country. Read more: bbc.co.uk
Croatian Railways PR stunt backfires
A competition for Croatian students to come up with a new slogan for their national rail company went wrong when the company’s Twitter account was deluged with witty one-liners criticising the speed of rail services and the age of the trains. Entries included ‘Experience eternity by travelling with Croatian Railways’ and ‘Croatian Railways – Living Archaeology’. Read more: croatiantimes.com
Futuristic project in Zadar given go-ahead
The latest project by top Croatian architect Nikola Bašić, who was responsible for creating Zadar’s two main tourist attractions – an organ that is played by sea and a solar-powered light show – has been given the go-ahead. The Door of Zadar project will turn the peninsula on which the city’s old town is situated into an island by building a system of canals and bridges. Read more: croatiaweek.com
Objects up for sale from historic Paris hotel
The historic art nouveau hotel, the Lutetia, in Paris is auctioning off furniture and objects next month as it closes for a three-year renovation. The hotel has welcomed guests such as Picasso, Jean-Paul Sartre and Henri Matisse over the years. Items will be on display at the hotel for four days from 15 May before the auction begins on 19 May. Read more: connexionfrance.com
198 still missing in South Korea ferry sinking
More than one hundred people are confirmed dead and 198 are still missing in the ferry sinking disaster which struck off the coast of South Korea last week. The Sewol ferry was sailing from Incheon port to Jeju Island when it listed and sank on 16 April. The ship’s captain and crew are under investigation for failing to help rescue passengers. Read more: theguardian.com
Everest climbing season in doubt as Sherpas threaten to strike
The government in Nepal has started emergency talks with Sherpas in the Sagarmatha (Everest) region to avert a strike which could bring a halt to the 2014 climbing season. Following a deadly avalanche that killed 13 local guides, Sherpas are demanding more protection from the government, including more compensation for accidents. Read more: theguardian.com
Sri Lanka to deport tourist over Buddha tattoo
A British woman has been detained at Colombo airport for attempting to enter the country with a Buddha tattoo. Respect for Buddha is taken very seriously in Sri Lanka, and the local authorities have started deportation proceedings. Another British tourist was deported for the same offence last year. Read more: timesofindia.indiatimes.com
Crouching Tiger prequel to be filmed in New Zealand
A prequel to the international box office hit Crouching Tiger, Hidden Dragon will be filmed in New Zealand this year. The original Chinese martial arts film was released in 2000, and its success at the Oscars helped launch the Hollywood career of director Ang Lee. Film Auckland’s deputy chairman Alex Lee said ‘It’s a production that will require a vast number of resources, facilities, technicians and crew’. Read more: abc.net.au
Love comes to market in Vietnam
The annual love market in Khau Vai, northern Vietnam, will be held this week among other tourism and cultural events. A tradition among ethnic minorities in the region, the love market is an opportunity for people to reunite and reminisce with former lovers once a year. Read more: tuoitrenews.vn
Royal family on Australian Red Centre tour
The Duke and Duchess of Cambridge are currently visiting Australia’s Uluru-Kata Tjuta National Park as part of their Australia and New Zealand tour. The couple were allowed some privacy from the world’s media so they could experience the spirit of Uluru-Kata Tjuta, as well as time alone for a ‘date night’. William last visited the Unesco World Heritage Site as an eight-month-old baby with his parents, who had told the Anangu elders they hoped the prince would one day return. Read more: smh.com.au
Harry Potter theme park to open in Japan
Osaka, Japan, will be home to a Harry Potter theme park, set to open in July as part of Universal Studios Japan. The theme park – the first Wizarding World of Harry Potter outside of the US – will feature Hogwarts Castle and Hogsmeade village along with related rides and dining experiences. Read more: japandailypress.com
Two-hundred-year-old water pipe found in LA
Los Angeles isn’t known for its history, but workers digging in Chinatown, just north of the city’s Union Station, have uncovered a fascinating relic from the city’s early days – a water pipe dating to 1781. The Zanja Madre, or Mother Ditch, carried water to the fledgling city from the Los Angeles river until it was abandoned in the early 1900s. Read more: latimes.com
Country music coming to Barclays Center, New York
There are over 380 country music bars in Brooklyn, New York, a fact which has come to the attention of executives of the Barclays Center, who are said to be actively looking to book country stars at the 18,000-seat arena. The centre has hosted 107 concerts since it opened in Brooklyn 18 months ago but not one country star. The Senior Vice President of Programming, Sean Saadeh, has said that once the first country act is confirmed, ‘we’ll have many to follow’. Read more: nydailynews.com
‘World’s dirtiest hotel’ for sale in New York
The Carter Hotel near Times Square, New York is up for sale. The hotel won TripAdvisor’s now defunct ‘Dirtiest Hotel’ accolade three times, in the years 2006, 2008 and 2009 with reports of cockroaches, bed bugs and even a murder. A new management team is now at the helm and has put the 615-room hotel on the market for $ 101 million. The hotel currently has a TripAdvisor rating of 2.5 stars. Read more: telegraph.co.uk
Air Canada apologises for baggage mishandling caught on video
The largest airline in Canada has apologised for a video that shows a baggage handler dropping luggage from a height of about 6m. Air Canada says it is investigating the incident and promises to fire those found responsible. Read more: cbc.ca
Arizona Legislature to debate ridesharing programmes
This week the Arizona Senate will debate whether to regulate popular ridesharing programmes like Lyft and Uber. Advocates of taxi and limo operators claim that the new services, which connect passengers and drivers via mobile apps, aren’t held to the same standards as traditional services. Proposed regulation includes insuring rideshare drivers and mandating background checks. Read more: abcnews.go.com
Memorial services held for García Márquez
Commemorations have been held for the Nobel prize-winning author, Gabriel García Márquez after his death at the age of 87. Officials gathered in his adopted home of Mexico City, where he spent the last three decades of his life and where he has been buried, while in his birthplace, Aracataca in Colombia, crowds held a symbolic funeral. Read more: bbc.co.uk
Ol Doinyo Lengai could be Tanzania’s next Unesco World Heritage Site
Reports out of Arusha state that Unesco has suggested Tanzania should apply for World Heritage status for the Ol Doinyo Lengai area. Flanking the northern boundary of the Ngorongoro Conservation Area, itself a World Heritage Site, the region is home to one of Tanzania’s most active volcanoes and is becoming a popular site for adventure tourism. Read more: eturbonews.com
Dengue fever outbreak in northern Mozambique
Mozambique’s northern province of Cabo Delgado has now had 30 confirmed cases of dengue fever. There have been no fatalities since the outbreak started in late March, and authorities believe the situation is under control. Visitors are recommended to take preventative measures to avoid mosquitoes. Read more: allafrica.com
Abu Dhabi covered park to be designed by London Olympic 2012 architect
Plans have been revealed for a new covered park in Abu Dhabi’s city centre. Al Fayah park will cover 125,000 sq metres and feature a public library, picnic area, mosque, outdoor cinema and performance stages. The park is being designed by architect Thomas Heatherwick, whose studio was behind the 2012 London Olympic Cauldron for the London 2012 Olympic Games. Al Fayah’s canopy will be created to resemble the Arabian desert’s dry, cracked surface. Read more: thenational.ae
Woman uses car to push lion off road in Kruger National Park
SANPark officials are seeking a woman who reportedly pushed a lion off one of the roads in Kruger National Park with her vehicle. Witnesses near Crocodile Bridge rest camp watched as the woman tried to move a resting pride, before one of the lions leapt at her car and swiped at it with its claws. If caught she is likely to face a year ban from the park. Read more: news24.com
Quiz reveals your North Korea knowledge
What did Madeleine Albright say about former North Korean leader Kim Jong-il? What foodstuff is popular on the country’s black market? Fifteen questions test your knowledge of the world’s most secretive hermit kingdom. Take the quiz: theguardian.com
Teen survives flight stowed away in plane wheel well
A California teen found his way onto the tarmac of a San Jose, CA, airport and climbed into the wheel well of a jet bound for Hawaii. Despite freezing temperatures and limited oxygen, the 15-year-old lived through the five-hour flight to Maui. According to reports, the teen was unconscious for most of the flight, and officials say he is lucky to be alive. Read more: nytimes.com
When traveling in Europe, we seek out the living traditions. And many of them survive only as clichés for tourists watching tacky stage shows. But Portugal’s fado (traditional, mournful folk tunes) can still be enjoyed in rustic, authentic settings like this characteristic little eatery (Restaurante A Baiuca, recommended in my guidebook), deep in Lisbon’s Alfama. I filmed in this joint years ago, capturing a magic moment for our TV show–and it’s been in my guidebook ever since. I was anxious to return, afraid that the magic would be gone. Thankfully, it survives. This is “fado vadio”–open mic where any amateur (like the man here) is welcome to share a song. Eating dinner here, with a line of neighbors hanging outside the restaurant door waiting their turn to sing, makes a delightful memory. The cost? Just buy dinner–about $ 20 with lots of wine.by rivwadmin
1. Walking around the Tiergarten on a beautiful day
2. Marveling at how much the city is changing almost in front of your eyes
3. Eating a Berliner pastry
4. Reflecting on Germany’s past at the Memorial for Victims of the Wall
5. Enjoy some yummy currywurst
6. Take a city tour in a classic DDR Trabant car
7. Learn about East Berlin’s fractured past at the Stasi Museum
8. Take a break from urbanity at the Schloss Charlottenburg
9. It’s touristy, but a stop at Checkpoint Charlie is a most for everyone
10. Going to the top of the glass dome at the Bundestag
11. Do some shopping at KaDeWe, Europe’s largest shopping center
12. Spending a lot of time in the Pargamon Museum
13. Spending days exploring ALL the amazing museums on Museum Island
14. Gawk at the Soviet block-style architecture along Frankfurter Allee
15. Time your visit for a festival or holiday when Berlin erupts in fun
16. Get your photo taken in one of thousands of photo booths around town
17. Getting your picture taken in front of the Brandenburg Gate
18. Rub shoulders with the 1% in Ku-damm
19. Admiring street art found everywhere around town.
20. Catch a train from the modern and easy to navigate main train station
21. Eat more currywurst
22. Visit Germany’s oldest zoo
23. Simply experiencing Berlin’s ultra-quirky atmosphere
24. Go on a bike tour and see the city as locals do
25. Learning more about style and architecture at the Bauhaus Museum
26. See and be seen in Potsdamer Platz
27. Graffiti tour of town, which will take you approximately 1,222,543 years to complete
28. Learning more about the events leading to WWII at the Topography of Terror site
29. Do as the Berliners do and enjoy an afternoon cake and coffee
30. Paying respects at the Memorial to the Murdered Jews of Europe
31. Getting to know Alexanderplatz REALLY well
32. Following the path of the Berlin Wall around town
33. Dinner at a great Turkish restaurant in Kreuzberg
34. Cruise through town on a ferry or riverboat
35. Hit the town and dance the night away – literally all night long
36. Marvel at the fascist architecture of the Olympic Stadium
37. Weekend market in Prenzlauer Berg
38. Pausing in Bebelplatz to learn more about the unique memorial at the site of the 1933 Nazi book burning
39. Grab food, friends and a spot of grass to enjoy the weekend like a true Berliner
40. Tour the variety of beautiful churches in town, especially the Berliner Dom
41. Learn about the city’s favorite snack at the Currywurst Museum
42. While away the afternoon strolling along Unter den Lindenby rivwadmin
Get the best travel news here curated by Lonely Planet Destination Editors, who use their expertise to bring you the stories that matter from all over the world. In today’s edition: Cyprus make sustainability mandatory for hotels, three people injured in bomb blast in central Cairo, and a survey reveals that Brits are ‘somewhat proud’ to be British.
15 April is…
First day of Passover, Jewish community worldwide
Songkran in Thailand
Tourism Week in Uruguay
Anniversary of Boston marathon bombings
Mandatory sustainability standards for Cyprus hotels
Hotels in Cyprus will have to actively protect the environment and support local communities under a new scheme approved by the Cyprus Tourism Organisation (CTO). The scheme defines minimum sustainability standards that are mandatory for all hotels in the country and includes criteria such as training staff, using local goods and services, reducing waste and energy use, supporting local charities and promoting local food. Read more: breakingtravelnews.com
Exhibition of confiscated ancient treasures in Bulgaria
The National History Museum in Sofia, Bulgaria, is hosting an exhibition of ancient golden artefacts dating from 3000 BC. The artefacts include 15,000 elements believed to represent parts of three different necklaces. They were recently confiscated during an anti-trafficking operation by the Agency for National Security. Read more: novinite.com
Performance artists banned from Brandenburg Gate
The city government of Berlin has ruled that costumed street performers will no longer be allowed in Parisier Platz, the square in front of the Brandenburg Gate. The gate is a significant symbol of the reunification of Germany, and Berliners have objected to the ‘Disneyfication’ of the area. Under the new rules, those whose work constitutes art, such as portrait painters and musicians, will be permitted. Read more: telegraph.co.uk
Finns launch rare rye distillery
The Kyrö Distillery Company in Isokyrö, western Finland, is set to begin producing a rare 100% rye whisky. The first batch of the whisky won’t be available until 2017, but an initial product called Juuri (Root) is able to be sold now for use in cocktails. The company is opening a pop-up restaurant in Helsinki to promote the drink this April, and plans to sell the product in cities such as London, Berlin and Tokyo. Read more: goodnewsfinland.com
Spanish village to vote on name change
Residents of the Spanish village Castrillo Matajudios will vote this week on a name change. For more than 500 years the village has had the name Castillo (‘Kill the Jews’), but a proposal has been put forward to revert to its original name Castrillo (‘Jews Hill’). The controversial name dates back to the widespread expulsion of the Jewish population from Spain. Read more: theguardian.com
British are ‘somewhat proud’
Most people (47%) feel ‘somewhat proud’ to be British, according to a survey. This statistic is an increase on ten years ago, with 35% ‘very proud’ and 10% ‘not proud’ (both decreases on ten years ago). According to the New Statesman, this understated sentiment is ‘rather British’. The total of people who are ‘somewhat’ or ‘very’ proud is 76% in Scotland, 74% in Wales and 73% in England. Read more: newstatesman.com
Britain’s beaches cleaner than ever
Almost three-quarters of beaches in the UK have been rated as ‘excellent’ for water quality – the highest ever figure. The rise is believed to be due to relatively dry weather last summer (which reduced pollution run-off into the sea) and improved sewage systems. Read more: bbc.co.uk
Dunhuang to develop tourism despite ecological problems
Dunhuang in China’s Gansu province has announced it will invest in promoting the Mogao Caves, Unesco World Heritage-listed Buddhist grottoes. The desert city hopes to increase tourism revenue to 30 billion yuan by 2030, despite recent reports that the area is suffering from ecological deterioration and drought. Read more: chinadaily.com.cn
Sydney to finally get second airport
Australian Prime Minister Tony Abbott today approved plans for a second Sydney airport in the city’s west. First proposed in the ’60s, the controversial Badgerys Creek development will begin with an initial single runway, with the first flights in and out of the airport expected in the mid-2020s. Read more: smh.com.au
Japan to consider new visa waivers
Travellers from Vietnam, the Philippines and Indonesia planning to visit Japan may benefit from a visa waiver program, up for consideration in June. Japan is eyeing the Southeast Asian tourist as part of an initiative to boost overall visitor numbers prior to the 2020 Olympics in Tokyo. Read more: japantimes.co.jp
Air Astana off EU grey list, can expand in Europe
Kazakhstan’s flagship airline, Air Astana, has been taken off the European Union’s grey list for air safety, giving the carrier freedom to expand its flights in Europe. Currently the airline operates flights to London, Amsterdam and Frankfurt only. It is the only Kazakh airline not on the EU’s safety ban list and the only Central European airline to get a 4-star rating from Skytrax. Read more: en.tengrinews.kz
Still no sign of Dutch tourists missing in Panama
Despite a widespread search aided by helicopters and sniffer dogs, authorities in Panama still have no clues about the disappearance of two female tourists two weeks ago. The women aged 21 and 22 were last seen on 31 March before starting a hike near Boquete, a picturesque highland region popular with foreign tourists and American retirees. Read more: news.yahoo.com
Wider seats on Southwest – but not for a few years
Southwest Airlines, one of the US’ biggest budget carriers, will have wider seats for passengers – in 2017. A new fleet of aircraft will be rolled out in three years’ time with 17.8-inch width seats, at the higher end of the 17-18 inch range of most other US airlines. Read more: usatoday.com
Glacier Point reopens
One of Yosemite National Park’s most famous viewpoints has reopened after the winter. The road leading up to Glacier Point, which stands at a height of over 7200ft (2199m) is often blocked with snow, but milder weather in recent weeks enabled park officials to reopen it on Monday. Read more: sfgate.com
Alleged Bolivian motorbike thieves tortured by venomous ants
Two men from Bolivia were nearly killed by Amazon villagers who tied them to a tree swarming with venomous ants for three days. According to authorities, the men, aged 18 and 19, had allegedly stolen three motorbikes. They finally freed on Saturday after their relatives paid US$ 3,700 (£2,211) as compensation for the stolen bikes. Read more: theguardian.com
Boston Marathon bombing remembered one year on
Today in Boston, memorial ceremonies will be taking place to commemorate the one-year anniversary of the Boston Marathon bombing that killed three and injured 264 people near the finish line of last year’s marathon. Joe Biden, government officials, families of the victims and representatives of the emergency services will gather for ceremonies throughout the day. This year’s marathon takes place on 21 April. Read more: washingtonpost.com
Hikers complete a two-week Alaskan trek
Two men have completed a 250-mile backcountry journey from the village of Aniak to Dillingham in the southwestern corner of Alaska. The pair, who travelled by skate, sneaker and ski, traversed through snowy tundra and mountainous terrain. Their only human encounter in the Alaskan wilderness was a single lodge caretaker in the Wood-Tikchik State Park. Read more: alaskadispatch.com
Nevada off-road enthusiasm on the rebound
Off-road enthusiasts are taking to the Nevada trails again as the local economy begins to improve. According to the Las Vegas Review-Journal, up to 15,000 off-roaders take to the Nellis Dunes, just north of Las Vegas, and climb, race or drive the public desert lands every weekend. The figures are up since the recession, which hampered interest in the sport. Read more: reviewjournal.com
World’s largest artificial reef coming to Florida
Thanks to US$ 1.3 million in grants made available after the BP oil disaster of 2010, the world’s largest artificial reef will be constructed off the coast of Collier County, Florida. Six 500-ton reefs the size of football fields are planned, and will be constructed around 12 to 30 miles off shore. It’s hoped the reefs will promote fish populations and bring diving and other marine tourism to County Collier. Read more: skift.com
Bomb blast in central Cairo
Three people have been injured after a bomb attack in Cairo. The blast was targeted at a security checkpoint at al-Galaa Square, close to the Nile in the city centre. Two police officers and one civilian were wounded. The attack comes after a student was killed yesterday in clashes between police and anti-government protesters. Read more: aljazeera.com
Explosion in Abuja bus station kills 72
A bomb blast in a crowded bus station in Nigeria’s capital, Abuja, has killed 72 and injured 123. The explosion, which destroyed 16 luxury coaches and 24 minibuses, is thought to be the work of the Boko Haram Islamist militants. The group has claimed responsibility for numerous attacks in Nigeria, though most have been in the remote northeast. Experts fear this attack is evidence Boko Haram are expanding its area of operation. Read more: bbc.co.uk
First ‘palm payments’ launched in Sweden
Cash and credit cards could soon be a thing of the past: a city in southern Sweden has become the first place to let shoppers pay with the swipe of their hand. Around 1600 shoppers in Lund have signed up to trial the machines at 15 shops and restaurants in the city, which take payment by scanning the unique pattern of veins on the consumer’s palm. Plans are already underway to take the scheme worldwide. Read more: the local.se
Mixing roaming charges in South Africa with Neil Diamond costs a mint
A British visitor to South Africa recently returned home to find a mobile phone bill with a £2609 roaming charge for downloading The Best of Neil Diamond album. The Telegraph noted she was lucky she didn’t download the 111-track, 289-minute debut album of the Welsh band Quiet Marauder, as it would have set her back £10,034. Orange, her mobile operator, retrospectively sold her a data bundle, reducing her roaming charge to £400. Read more: telegraph.co.uk
Traveling is often an adventure, but sometimes it’s the pampered perks of a vacation that make it worth the while. This week, we’ve tapped some luxurious locales for you to spoil yourself on your next getaway. From decadent desserts to idyllic seaside towns, enticing restaurants to romantic respites, we have everything you need to make sure you feel utterly relaxed next time you hit the road, so prepare to indulge with Fodor’s Week in Travel.
To complement the impeccable cuisine, these restaurants take their devotion to locally-sourced food to a new level, growing many of their ingredients above diners’ heads in rooftop gardens. Sample some of the fresh fare at one of America’s 10 best roof-to-table restaurants.
A short jaunt from the East Coast, the Puerto Rican capital makes for the perfect three-day vacation. Plan a romantic retreat for you and your significant other with our comprehensive guide to a long weekend in San Juan.
Mouth-watering delights, both savory and sweet, can be found in abundance at any of these succulent spots. In the moody for a fresh, crusty baguette or a perfectly crafted pastry? Then try one of the 10 top bakeries across the US.
Escape from the urban bustle of Italy’s cities in one of these breathtaking villages by the water. See what has inspired actors, writers, and artist throughout history with a visit to one of these 20 gorgeous seaside towns in Italy.
Whether you prefer Pinot Noir or Pinotage, Shiraz or Chardonnay, a trip to one of the world’s best vineyards is sure to please any wine enthusiast. Get ready to imbibe and unwind on your next trip with our guide to the world's best trips for wine lovers.by rivwadmin
Get the best travel news here curated by Lonely Planet Destination Editors, who use their expertise to bring you the stories that matter from all over the world. In today’s edition: Italy’s ‘most haunted’ island is up for sale, two popular volcanoes in the Philippines are at ‘Alert Level 1′, and Beijing is introducing a smartphone app to encourage marathon runners to use toilets rather than the walls of the Forbidden City.
Croissant museum opens in Poznan
A museum celebrating the sweet croissant speciality of Poznan, Poland, has opened to the public. Visitors to the museum in the Market Square can learn about the history of the rogal świętomarciński (St Martin’s croissant), watch how it’s baked and enjoy samples of the tasty treat. The pastry is especially popular on St Martin’s Day (11 November), when about 400 tonnes are consumed in the region. Read more: thenews.pl
More autonomy for Scottish islands
Scotland’s Northern and Western Isles look likely to get greater powers to govern their affairs, whatever happens in the country’s referendum on independence. Members of both the UK and Scottish governments have promised Orkney, Shetland and the Outer Hebrides – which have cultural links to Scandinavia as well as to the rest of the British Isles –more autonomy. Read more: bbc.co.uk
Italy’s ‘most haunted island’ up for sale
Italy plans to auction the uninhabited island of Poveglia, situated in the Venice lagoon, to help relieve the country’s debt. The 17-acre island has a troubled history including years as a leper colony and as home to a hospital for the elderly, which apparently ‘experimented’ on its residents. Other properties for sale in the online auction include a monastery and a castle. Read more: telegraph.co.uk
Paris’s Lutetia hotel closes for renovation
Paris’ 104-year old Lutetia hotel will close for three years of renovation, but will retain many of its art deco features. The luxury hotel served as the German secret service’s unofficial headquarters during the occupation of Paris and then became a shelter for French survivors of the concentration camps, acting as a point of contact for relatives searching for their loved ones. Read more: france24.com
850-year-old Chinese pagoda reopens after renovations
The Liuhe Pagoda in Hangzhou, China has reopened to visitors after a year-long renovation. The pagoda was original constructed in 970 and reconstructed completely in 1165. The pagoda, whose name means ‘six harmonies’, is noted for its 13 exterior eaves and impressive views of the tidal Qiantang River. Read more: chinadaily.com.cn
Four killed, hundreds missing as South Korean ferry sinks
At least four people have died and around 300 remain missing after a passenger ferry sank off the southern coast of South Korea on Wednesday. The ferry was en route from Incheon port near Seoul to Jeju Island, a popular weekend destination for South Koreans. Dozens of rescue vehicles and crew are attending the ship, which at last report was almost completely capsized. The cause of the sinking is still undetermined. Read more: reuters.com
Thailand clamps down on Chinese ‘university tourists’
Chiang Mai University has been forced to restrict Chinese tourists from entering the campus after thousands were reportedly caught using student buses and sneaking into lectures. It’s believed the tourists are fans of the film Lost in Thailand, a Chinese comedy that was partly filmed on campus. Read more: abcnews.go.com
New Zealand’s first artificial surf reef fails
An artificial reef off New Zealand’s Bay of Plenty is set to be removed following widespread criticism. Surfers said the reef did not provide the intended world-class waves, while surf lifesaving organisations claimed it was creating dangerous rips for swimmers. Read more: nzherald.co.nz
Great white shark spotted in Western Australia
A great white shark measuring at least 5m has been detected close to popular swimming beaches south of Perth. The Department of Fisheries has warned swimmers in the Albany area to be cautious for the next few days. Read more: news.com.au
Warnings for Philippines volcanoes
Following volcanic earthquakes on Wednesday, visitors have been advised to stay clear of Taal Volcano and Mt Mayon Volcano, both popular hiking spots in the Philippines. The volcanoes are currently at ‘Alert Level 1’, with the potential for sudden explosions of steam, rock falls and landslides. Read more: mb.com.ph
Easter events in Iztapalapa, Mexico City
Semana Santa (Holy Week, aka Easter) is of huge religious importance in Mexico and nowhere in the country marks the days leading up to Christ’s death more than the Mexico City district of Iztapalapa. Starting on Palm Sunday, events in the neighbourhood build up to a re-enactment of the crucifixion on Good Friday. Read more (in Spanish): iztapalapa.df.gob.mx
Stars out in the desert for Coachella
The music’s been excellent and so has the celebrity-spotting at this year’s Coachella Festival, near Palm Springs, California. The event is one of the most popular on the US festival circuit and as it heads towards its second and final weekend, stars have been out and about enjoying the sounds of Outkast and Lana Del Rey. Read more: huffingtonpost.co.uk
T Rex arrives at the Smithsonian
One of the world’s most complete skeletons of a Tyrannosaurus rex is currently being very carefully unpacked at the Smithsonian’s National Museum of Natural History, in Washington, DC. The skeleton is around 80–85% complete and will become the star attraction at the museum’s new $ 48 million dinosaur hall. The 65-million-year-old dinosaur was donated by the Museum of the Rockies and is known as Wankel, after the Montana rancher who discovered it in 1988. Read more: npr.org
Get last-minute tickets to the Tribeca Film Festival
New York’s Tribeca Film Festival kicks off Wednesday with 10 days of indie films, documentaries, director Q&As, plus gaggles of celebs showboating on the red carpet. If you don’t already have your ticket there is still a way: the festival website is listing a daily schedule showing available tickets. Read more: jaunted.com
Vancouver parks to get free wi-fi
On Tuesday the Park Board in Vancouver voted to approve installing free public wi-fi in popular parks and beaches. The initiative is part of the city’s larger digital strategy, which was approved last year. Auckland, Quebec City and Denver have similar wi-fi programmes. Read more: cbc.ca
Electric buses added to Reno transportation fleet
The city of Reno, Nevada, has unveiled four new public buses that run entirely on electric batteries. According to transportation officials, the buses are quieter and more efficient than their petrol counterparts, and are expected to save the city hundreds of thousands of dollars over the vehicles’ lifetimes. Read more: reviewjournal.com
Scooter rental services gain ground in Rio
Visitors and residents of Rio de Janeiro now have a number of options to see the city by scooter. Many companies have begun catering to the growing market, making it easier to access remote beaches, maneuver through rush hour traffic, or park closer to busy tourist attractions. Rates for start at around R$ 130 (£35) a day and, depending on the model, may not require a driving licence to rent. Read more: riotimesonline.com
Strict visitor quotas in Kruger Park over Easter
Gate officials at Kruger National Park will be enforcing strict visitor quotas over the Easter weekend, starting on Thursday 17 April and continuing through Monday 21 April. SANParks has advised day visitors to arrive at the gates very early or to pre-book their entrance with the central reservations office. Read more: sanparks.org
Star Wars VII film rumoured to be filmed in Abu Dhabi
Rumours are flying that Star Wars: Episode VII is to be shot partly in Abu Dhabi after a local newspaper printed shots of what appears to be a film set deep in the Liwa Desert. The photographs appear to show a film crew moving parts of a set around near the scenic sand dunes by the Qasr Al Sarab resort. Read more: thenational.ae
Egyptian ex-general calls for demolition of St Katherine’s Monastery
A retired army general has filed a court case to have Egypt’s UNESCO-listed St Katherine’s Monastery, one of the oldest continually-inhabited monasteries in the world, destroyed. Ahmed Ragai Attiya claims that the popular tourist site, where a number of Greek monks live, has become a threat to national security. Read more: english.ahram.org.eg
Head of Virunga National Park in DRC shot
In an apparent ambush, the head of Africa’s oldest wildlife reserve was shot in the chest as he drove himself from Goma to the Congolese Institute for Conservation and Nature. Emmanuel de Merode, a Belgian, is currently in intensive care after surgery. The North Kivu province of the DRC is rich in biodiversity and houses some of the last remaining mountain gorillas, but it has been plagued with conflict for more than two decades. Read more: newvision.org.ug
Beijing to release toilet app ahead of marathon
The Beijing Marathon was criticised last year when a large group of men (mostly runners) were photographed urinating against the exterior of the Forbidden City. In a bid to avoid that problem, the government is rushing to release a smartphone app that locates all of the city’s public toilets ahead of this year’s race on 20 April. Read more: shanghaiist.com
Pilots plan to circle the globe in a solar powered plane
Swiss aviation duo Bertrand Piccard and Andre Borschberg have unveiled plans to fly around the world in a solar-powered plane. The pair claim that the fuel-free aircraft, 12 years in the making, can theoretically ‘fly forever’ and are set to make the non-stop, 120 hour journey in May 2015. Read more: cnn.com
London hairdresser vs Kim Jong-un
A London hairdresser who used a photo of North Korean leader Kim Jong-un to promote his business has claimed he was monitored and warned by North Korean officials. The image accompanied a promotion that read ‘Bad hair day? 15% off all gent cuts through the month of April’. The embassy denies involvement. Read more: standard.co.uk
For those of you who still consider conclusions by Baum et al. (2003) correct and robust, I guess I can’t add anything more to convince you of the contrary. Again, constructive discussion is one of the milestones of science, and I believe that critical thinking should be always encouraged and generated within this discussion process. This is particularly true for science, which is inherently affected by some degree of uncertainty for which both marine ecologists and fishery managers have to cope with. For those of you who were convinced by arguments provided by Burgess et al. (2005), I would like to put the discussion further and let you notice that this rebuttal paper was not published in the same scientific peer-reviewed journal of Baum et al. (2003). The majority of papers coming from the Dalhousie University scientific group were published in Science and Nature, which are by far the most influential journals within the scientific community. The rebuttal by Burgess and colleagues was instead published in Fisheries, which is a journal of the American Fisheries Society with a significantly lower impact factor than Science or Nature.
At this point you might ask yourself why the authors did not think about try to publish their rebuttal directly on Science. Well, the truth is that they tried, but the editor considered these argumentations likely inconsistent or, perhaps, not of sufficient merit or interest to be published. This might surprises you, but it really should not. In fact, I noticed that it is not that uncommon for high-impact scientific journals to publish quite disputable papers, and I suspect this is mainly because of the species or topic discussed and the controversy that might stem from it. In fact, a recent paper by Banobi et al. (2011) was able to raise questions about the effectiveness of the whole rebuttal process for some of these highly quoted papers. This paper considered seven original studies on fisheries, of which one was published in Nature and six in Science, including the one by Baum and colleagues.
Considering that each of these seven papers was followed by at least one rebuttal paper describing substantial flaws in these original studies, the authors examined how successful these rebuttals were at changing or correcting scientific perceptions of the original articles. Their results indicated that in the majority of cases rebuttals were not able to change scientific perceptions on the original papers, which I personally find extremely worrisome. Based on their results the authors suggest, and agree with them, that most scientists tend to accept a paper’s conclusions uncritically, which I believe has become a particularly common practice for articles published in Science and Nature. The punch line is that if an article is published on these two journals there is a high chance for scientists taking for granted that conclusions are scientifically correct and meaningful. I personally found this result alarming because these two journals have a higher chance to influence the scientific community, society and, most of all, the mind of the new generation of scientists joining the so called Great Divide compared to other scientific journals. Therefore, if distortion of the truth is provided and published, there is probably no such filter that could avoid dissemination of biased and unaccountable study results. In this regard, it is important to highlight that although Baum and colleagues, as much as any other scientist, have the right to submit a manuscript if they are genuinely convinced of the robustness, scientific accountability, and appropriateness of their conclusions, it is a mandatory requirement of the editor of the journal and reviewers to carefully check for the good scientific quality of the manuscript during the reviewing process. Perhaps, this is something that scientific journals with high-impact factors have not being fully provided, which can dangerously hamper the effective dissemination of scientific truth. Luckily enough, scrupulous scientists still exists and thanks to them some of these questionable papers were challenged on the ground of science, which is a vital aspect for the scientific debate and the fishery management process that can originate from this debate.
For instance, after repeated criticisms for the type of data used and analysis performed, Baum et al. (2010) were finally convinced to examine changes in abundance of shark populations in the Northwest Atlantic by using more reliable data sources than fisherman logbooks, such as the data from the U.S. Atlantic pelagic longline fishery’s observer monitoring program. Their new conclusions indicated that for some species the estimated rate of decline were less than those previously reported in their 2003’s article, also pointing at some inherent difficulties in interpreting results from complex generalized linear models analysis. Although I believe this should be considered an important step toward enhancing dissemination of good science, I am still wondering why this new re-analysis of shark abundances was not published in Science and ended up instead in being published in Fisheries Research, which is still a highly cited scientific journals but definitely does not hold an impact factor as high as the one for Science. Maybe that Science is more interested in publishing articles that can more easily attract attention from the media, press, and the public?
The case for the conservation of white shark (Carcharodon carcharias) in this sense is an excellent example. The study by Baum et al. (2003) in the Northwest Atlantic concluded also that, among the shark species whose abundance have declined by more than 75% over the study period, white shark was one of those species. The fact that this paper was published in Science gave it unquestionably more attention in the scientific community and in the media, potentially increasing the chances that this article could influence fishery management decisions pertinent to the conservation of white sharks on a global scale. In fact, this paper was used to prove alarming decreases in white shark abundance in order to support the listing of the species in Appendix II of CITES in 2004 (CoP13 Prop. 32. 2004). Listing in CITES is based on quantitative criteria. Therefore, overestimation of decline can potentially bias the listing process by incorrectly shifting thresholds to the level for which species meet the criteria for listing. In the case of white sharks, it is worth noting that the members of the FAO Expert Advisory Panel who were charged to review the proposal for listing opportunely noticed that, based on arguments that were similar to those provided by Burgess et al. (2005) one year later, the estimated decline described by Baum and colleagues was most likely too large, convincing them to assign a reliability index of zero to this estimate of decline (FAO 2004).
Nevertheless, conclusions from this study may have influenced the listing process at some level. In fact, the species was listed in Appendix II although several aspects of this listing process are still now considered particularly controversial. Both the FAO Expert Advisory Panel and the CITES Secretariat were not able to confirm or exclude the possibility that white shark met the criteria for a listing in Appendix II. However, the CITES Secretariat recommended the species to be listed, although concluding that this recommendation was extraordinarily cautious and based on evidence that white sharks are naturally rare in nature and are characterized by life histories that make them particularly susceptible to overfishing.
For those of you interested in the whole controversy about the CITES listing on white shark I will suggest you to read the article by Gehring and Ruffing (2008), which provides a very good analysis of potential controversies affecting the CITES listing process.
That being said, it is clear to me that Baum et al. (2003) conclusions on white shark declines might have influenced the decision making process to conserve the species. Now, I am a shark researcher and a conservationist, so I could not be happier to know that shark species are included in conservation management measures at international level. However, such management measures should be based on reliable and accountable scientific results, otherwise there will be serious consequences affecting the whole conservation process for natural resources. This means that science should not be necessarily the armed wing of conservation, but instead it should be the guarantor for dissemination of the truth.
It might really be that white shark populations have being severely depleted in some regions of the world and that fishery managers and national governments should devote more effort in evaluating the existence of these scenario exploitations, but still on an indisputable and unbiased scientific basis. If the dissemination of the truth is not provided, the consequence would be the shift of economic resources, effort, and burden on developing and maintaining conservation measures for the species needing management measures less urgently. I believe that for elasmobranch this is particularly true for large charismatic species, which are not necessarily the one in need for more serious attention; although this does not mean that fishery managers should all of a sudden disregard those species or start to believe that they are not threatened by extinction.
However, a recent study by Dulvy et al. (2013) suggests that the elasmobranch species more likely threated by the highest extinction risks are those living in coastal, shallow waters, such as sawfishes, rays and less iconic small-medium sized sharks, mainly because they are more prone to fishery exploitation and bycatch compared to larger offshore species. Consequently, within the elasmobranch group those species should be assigned the highest priorities for conservation measures. Of course, we all wish that sharks and rays may be effectively protected and their habitat preserved, but we live in a world of limiting funding for which effective conservation efforts and measures should be seriously prioritized, and the criteria should always be good science.
In summary, I hope that by reading this blog I was able to convey three main key messages:
1) The fact that a study was published in a scientific peer-reviewed journal doesn’t necessarily mean that its conclusions are true or set in stone. You should always read a paper using YOUR critical thinking.
2) The fact that a study was published in Science or Nature doesn’t imply that its conclusions should be regarded at a higher level of consideration compared to other studies published in journals with a lower impact factors. Again, use YOUR critical thinking and judgment.
3) Science should not be a matter of self-recognition, but only the search for the truth.
p.s. To expand further on the controversial aspects of scientific papers published by the Dalhousie University’s group I invite the reader to look at the following web-page, which collects lot of good information about the exaggerated claims of collapse that those papers reported and various responses to these same papers http://www.soest.hawaii.edu/PFRP/large_pelagics/large_pelagic_predators.html
Aires-da-Silva A.M., Hoey J.J., Gallucci V.F. (2008) A Historical Index of Abundance for the Blue Shark (Prionace glauca) in the Western North Atlantic. Fisheries Research 92: 41-52.
Banobi J.A., Branch T.A., Hilborn R. (2011) Do rebuttals affect future science? Ecosphere 2(3): 1-11.
Baum J.K., Myers R.A., Kehler D.G., Worm B., Harley S.J., Doherty P.A. (2003) Collapse and Conservation of Shark Populations in the Northwest Atlantic. Science 299: 389-392.
Baum J.K., Myers R.A. (2004) Shifting baselines and the decline of pelagic sharks in the Gulf of Mexico. Ecology Letters 7: 135-145.
Baum J.K., Kehler D., Myers, R.A. (2005) Robust Estimates of Decline for Pelagic Shark Populations in the Northwest Atlantic and gulf of Mexico. Fisheries 30(10): 27-29.
Burges G.H., Beerkircher L.R., Cailliet G.M., Carlson J.K., Cortés E., Goldman K.J., Grubbs R.D., Musick J.A., Musyl M.K., Simpfendorfer C.A. (2005) Is the Collapse of Shark Populations in the Northwest Atlantic Ocean and Gulf of Mexico Real? Fisheries 30(10): 19-26.
CITES (2004) Conference of the Parties to the Convention 2004: Proposal 32. Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora. Available at http://www.cites.org/eng/cop/13/prop/E13-P32.pdf
CoP13 Prop. 32. 2004. Conference of the Parties to the Convention 2004: Proposal 32. Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora. Available at http://www.cites.org/eng/cop/13/prop/E13-P32.pdf
Dulvy NK, Fowler SL, Musick JA, Cavanagh RD, Kyne PM, Harrison LR, Carlson JK, Davidson LNK, Fordham SV, Francis MP, Pollock CM, Simpfendorfer CA, Burgess GH, Carpenter KE, Compagno LJV, Ebert DA, Gibson C, Heupel MR, Livingstone SR, Sanciangco JC, Stevens JD, Valenti S, White WT (2013) Extinction Risk and Conservation of the World’s Sharks and Rays. eLife 2014;3:e00590. DOI: 10.7554/eLife.00590.
FAO (2004) Report of the FAO Ad Hoc Expert Advisory Panel for the Assessment of Proposals to Amend Appendices I and II of CITES Concerning Commercially-exploited Aquatic Species. Rome, 13-16 July 2004. FAO Fisheries Report No. 748. Rome, FAO, 51 p.
Gehring T., Ruffing E. (2008) When Arguments Prevail Over Power: the CITES Procedure for the Listing of Endangered Species. Global Environmental Politics 8: 123-148.
Hilborn R. (2007) Moving to Sustainability by Learning from Successful Fisheries. Ambio 36(4): 296-303.
Disclaimer: Andrea Dell’Apa hereby states that all opinions contained in this article are his own and not that of any of his funders or sponsors.
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